Polycystic Kidney Disease
Definition and Descripton

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts in the kidneys. The kidneys are two organs, each about the size of a fist, located in the upper part of a person’s abdomen, toward the back. The kidneys filter wastes and extra fluid from the blood to form urine. They also regulate amounts of certain vital substances in the body. When cysts form in the kidneys, they are filled with fluid. PKD cysts can profoundly enlarge the kidneys while replacing much of the normal structure, resulting in reduced kidney function and leading to kidney failure.

In the United States, about 600,000 people have PKD, and cystic disease is the fourth leading cause of kidney failure. Two major inherited forms of PKD exist:
  • Autosomal dominant PKD is the most common inherited form. Symptoms usually develop between the ages of 30 and 40, but they can begin earlier, even in childhood. About 90 percent of all PKD cases are autosomal dominant PKD.

  • Autosomal recessive PKD is a rare inherited form. Symptoms of autosomal recessive PKD begin in the earliest months of life, even in the womb.

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Symptoms Of Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease?

There are back pains, the side, and headaches, The dull pain can be temporary or persistent, mild or severe.
People with autosomal dominant PKD also can experience the following complications:
  • Urinary tract infection, specifically in the kidney cysts

  • Hematuria, (blood in the urine)

  • Liver and pancreatic cysts

  • Abnormal heart valves

  • High blood pressure

  • Kidney Stones

  • Aneurysms (bulges in the walls of blood vessels) in the brain

  • Diverticulosis (small pouches bulge outward through the colon).

Symptoms Of Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease?
  • Adbonable pain or tenderness
  • Blood in the urine
  • Excessive urination at night
  • Flack pain on one or both of the sides

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